The Fact File

The Flag of Saudi Arabia

  • flag

  • The Saudi Arabian flag that was officially adopted on March 15, 1973 is a green flag with Arabic inscriptions in white and a sword. The inscriptions on the flag (whose script is in Thuluth) is the shahaadah (Islamic declaration of faith) which reads: “laa ilaaha illallah muhemmadun rasoolullaah” meaning “There is no god worthy of worship except Allah and Mohammad (PBUH) is the messenger of Allah”. The sword on the flag symbolizes the victories of Ibn Saud.

The Emblem of Saudi Arabia


  • Saudi-Emblem

  • The Saudi Arabian Official Emblem is a date palm, representing vitality and growth, and two crossed swords, symbolizing justice and strength. The emblem was adopted in 1950. The golden colored emblem appears on the flag of Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia.

The Lyrics of National Anthem (Arabic)

  • سارعي
    للمجد والعلياء
    مجدي لخالق السماء
    وارفعي الخفاق أخضر
    يحمل النور المسطر
    رددي الله أكبر
    يا موطني
    قد عشت فخر المسلمين
    عاش المليك
  • Listen to the National Anthem
  • Transliteration

    Lilmajdi Walalya
    Majedi Li Khaliqi ssama
    Warfai alKhaffaqa Akhlar
    Yahmilu nnooral musattar
    Raddidi Allahu Akbar
    Yaa mawtini,
    Qad Isht Fakhr Al Muslimeen
    Aash Al Maleek
    Lil alam
    Wal watan.

  • Meaning of National Anthem

    Hasten to glory and supremacy!
    Glorify the Creator of the heavens
    And raise the green, fluttering flag,
    Carrying the emblem of Light!
    Repeat: God is greatest!
    O my country,
    My country, may you always live,
    The glory of all Muslims!
    Long live the King,
    For the flag and the homeland!

Saudi Arabia: Information in Brief

  • GovernmentSovereign State
  • Capital : Riyadh
  • Religion : Islam
  • CurrencySaudi Riyal (SAR). US$1 = SR.3.75 (1 Riyal = 100 halalahs)
  • Language : Arabic (English widely spoken)
  • First King of KSAAbdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud
  • Head of the State (King) King Salman bin Abdul Aziz bin Saud
  • Crown Prince : Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud
  • Highest Point : Jabal Soodah (3207 m / 10,522 ft)
  • Population : 32.61 million (20.42 million Saudis; 12.18 million foreigners) – 2017 census
  • Physical FeaturesDeserts, Plateaus and Mountains
  • Coastline2,640 km
  • Airports213 (as of 2007). 77 with paved runways and 136 with unpaved runways
  • Railways : 1,392 km (as of 2006)
  • Roadways : 221,372 km (as of 2006)
  • Provinces : Thirteen (13)
  • National Day : September 23, commemorating the foundation of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932
  • National Animals : Camel, Arabian horse, Arabian Wolf & Arabian Red Fox
  • Nationalityn. Saudi(s) adj. Saudi or Saudi Arabian
  • HolidaysEid Al-Fitr, Eid Al-Adh’ha & National Day
  • Summer Vacation for Schools : July, August & September
  • Time : GMT+3
  • Official Weekends : Friday & Saturday
  • Country Code : +966

Websites on Saudi Arabia Government Portal of Foreign Affairs of Interior Arabia’s Vision for the future of Communications and Information Technology of Hajj Commission for Tourism & National Heritage Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Jeddah Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh Abdulaziz University al-Qura University, Makkah Khalid University Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University University of Madinah University, Madinah of Tabuk Saud University Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Faisal University University of Dammam and Environment Conservation Wildlife Commission  Saudi Press Agency